History of Higher Education in the United States
The first colleges in the United States were religious institutions modeled after Oxford and Cambridge. The first of these, Harvard, was emerged by the settlement of Massachusetts in 1636. Shortly after, in 1693, the College of William and Mary was emerged for the same purpose. Different other schools popped up throughout the colonies for the purpose of educating ministers and political leaders, and you can find more specific information about those schools in our Ivy League section, because these are the schools that exhibited into the most orotund schools in the United States.
Many of the schools that came into subsistence during this time were small and had syllabus based in liberal arts studies, such as Greek, Latin, history, geometry, logic, and ethics. Revolving and regurgitation of information were the foci of these individual institutions, rather than creativity and elaborated thinking. Many students that attended these early colleges were in their teens, and many colleges had a preparative school attached with them.
As time went on, more colleges commenced to pop up around the United States. These schools varied in motive and in study, and differed in the programs that they offered. At present, there are almost 4,500 educational institutions in the United States that can offer degrees, with over 20 million students imitating degrees at these universities.
The United States Educational System At Present
Several educational institutions will offer several degrees. Here are the various types of educational institutions that you will see throughout the United States.
Community Colleges. Community colleges offer associate’s degrees, some certificates and vocational degrees, and some bachelor’s degrees, depending on the college that you attend.
Vocational Schools. Vocational schools only navel on certification for certain vocations, along dental hygienists, civil engineering, culinary arts, and a number of other vocations that do not crave a degree but do require training.
Colleges and Universities. In the United States, there is exiguous difference between a college and a university. The standard difference is that a college has a inelastic set of degrees that they offer, and a university is a recruitment of colleges. If you fall to a university, you may graduate with a degree from that university’s college of business or college of education. But you can also fall to a college, which often has small number of degrees for you to choose from (i.e. Bible College, etc). A college or a university can offer anything from an associates’ degree to a doctoral degree.
Graduate Schools. Graduate school in the United States is what is acquainted as a postgraduate school in other countries. Usually graduate schools are amalgamated with a university that also offers bachelor’s degrees. These schools can offer Master’s and Doctorate level degrees and certificates.
Seminaries. Seminaries subsist for religious education, and are used to teach ministers and other clergy members about a variety of topics connected to the religion that they are serving under.
The United States is now the most popular country in the earth to study. About 20% of all students who think to study abroad go to the United States for their degree. Almost 800,000 students come to the United States every year to study, so if you think to do so, you will not be alone. Even although higher education in the United States is acquainted to be more costly than that in other countries, there is a lot of financial aid obtainable to international students, which we analyses more in our Financial Aid and Scholarships articles.