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Undergraduate Education System USA
Undergraduate Education System USA

Undergraduate Education System USA

Undergraduate education in the United States is based on the concept of liberal arts and sciences. You can take classes in a wide variety of subjects in addition to your main field of study.

Two-year programs

There are more than 1,000 two-year colleges in the United States. These schools are also known as colleges or community colleges. In most states, community colleges are operated by a division of the state university or by special local districts subject to the guidance of a state agency. Students who choose a two-year program in higher education studies to obtain an associate’s degree (also known as intermediate). Associate degrees are awarded by a community, a high school or a technical university that indicates that you have completed a program of studies with a broad base in general education and a concentration in a specific area.

To obtain an associate’s degree, you must obtain 60 credit hours per semester, which generally takes approximately two years. The programs generally consist of three parts: general education requirements, requirements within their specialty (or concentrated study area) and electives (courses of their own choosing according to their interests).

Two-year undergraduate degrees

There are different types of associated degrees. Both the A.A. degree (or Associate of Arts degree) and A.S. The degree (Associate of Science degree) is designed to prepare students to transfer to a 4-year university or college. For example, you can earn an A.A. In Early Childhood Education, then transfer to a 4 year university. In college, you can continue studying to obtain a degree that will allow you to be a teacher in a preschool or primary school.

Some community colleges have automatic enrollment agreements with a local college, which means that the community college will provide the student with the first two years of study and the university provides the remaining years of study, occasionally all on a single campus.

Other associated titles, such as an A.A.S. degree (Associate of Applied Science), are designed to prepare students to join the workforce immediately after their two years of study. These titles, also called occupational or vocational, are sometimes preferred by employers in industries related to science and technology for mid-level jobs.

Four-year programs

More than 2,000 colleges and universities offer four-year programs in which students obtain a bachelor’s degree. Last year, more than 1.3 million people in the United States obtained this title. Generally, it is called “university degree”, the university baccalaureate generally takes four years to complete and consists of 120 to 128 semester hours of credit (60 of which can be transferred from an associate degree in a community college – see programs of 2 years above).

The four years he spent as a university student in a university are usually known as freshmen, sophomores, juniors and seniors. The curriculum of many undergraduate programs is based on a philosophy of “liberal arts” in which students must study courses in a variety of subjects to form a broad educational base. These general education courses include composition studies in English, social sciences, humanities, history, mathematics, and natural or physical sciences.

Once they have met the requirements of the curriculum, students from most institutions are asked to choose a specific field of study, also known as the main one. Your specialty should be in an academic area that is of great interest to you and in which you are probably looking for a career in the future. The last two years are devoted to taking more courses that are more directly related to their specialization. Other four-year colleges and universities emphasize preparation for special professional areas: fine arts, pharmacy, engineering, business, agriculture and other specialized fields.

Unlike other undergraduate models, degrees in law and medicine are not offered at the undergraduate level in the United States. Instead, they are completed as a professional study after receiving a bachelor’s degree. Neither law nor medical schools require or prefer a specific undergraduate specialization, although medical schools do have prerequisites that must be taken prior to enrollment. Undergraduates who are preparing to attend medical school after their undergraduate careers are known as pre-med.

Undergraduate four-year degrees

The two types of bachelor’s degrees that are typically offered are B.A. Degrees (Bachelor of Arts) and B.S. degrees (bachelor’s degree). If you choose to obtain a B.A., most of your courses will focus on the arts, such as social sciences, humanities or fine arts. Students who obtain a B.S. Degree of taking most of your courses in life, physical or mathematical sciences.

Other more specialized degrees include:

  • Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.)
  • Bachelor of Social Work (B.S.W.)
  • Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng.)
  • Bachelor of Science in Public Affairs (B.S.P.A)
  • Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.S.N.)
  • Bachelor of Philosophy (B.Phil.)
  • Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.)
  • Bachelor of Design (B.Des.)

Students who specialize in certain fields, such as business, engineering or science, find that the curriculum is often more structured than in the human or social sciences. Careers in business, science and engineering may have to take more courses related to their main field of study and have fewer elective or optional courses.

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